Water scarcity is undermining our habitat, economy and society due either to shortage or the costs associated with the production and accessibility to fresh water. If the current trends are maintained, 2.8 billion people will be suffering absolute water shortage by 2025 and two thirds of the global population will be suffering water stress. With climate change impacting global water reserves and a growing demand for fresh water, populations around the world are facing a mounting concern that must be addressed immediately.
Rain is the main source of fresh water. Two-thirds of precipitation absorbed by the soil, are used by the plant species. Only one-tenth of the fresh water becomes accessible runoff and groundwater aquifers. Fresh water is therefore a valuable resource.